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How to format JTextField's text to uppercase?

The process to change the JTextField's text to some other format like upper case for instance can be easily done by adding a DocumentFilter to the text field component. The DocumentFilter allow us to do a filter action for changes in the document such as insert, replace and remove.

In this example we describe how to do it.

package com.javacoderanch.example.swing;

import javax.swing.text.DocumentFilter;
import javax.swing.text.BadLocationException;
import javax.swing.text.AttributeSet;
import javax.swing.text.AbstractDocument;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;

public class DocumentFilterExample extends JFrame {
    public DocumentFilterExample() throws HeadlessException {

    protected void initComponents() {
        setSize(200, 200);
        getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout(FlowLayout.LEFT));

        DocumentFilter filter = new UppercaseDocumentFilter();

        JTextField firstName = new JTextField();
        firstName.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(100, 20));
        ((AbstractDocument) firstName.getDocument()).setDocumentFilter(filter);

        JTextField lastName = new JTextField();
        lastName.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(100, 20));
        ((AbstractDocument) lastName.getDocument()).setDocumentFilter(filter);


    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                new DocumentFilterExample().setVisible(true);

    class UppercaseDocumentFilter extends DocumentFilter {
        // Override insertString method of DocumentFilter to make the text format
        // to uppercase.
        public void insertString(DocumentFilter.FilterBypass fb, int offset,
                                 String text, AttributeSet attr)
                throws BadLocationException {

            fb.insertString(offset, text.toUpperCase(), attr);

        // Override replace method of DocumentFilter to make the text format
        // to uppercase.
        public void replace(DocumentFilter.FilterBypass fb, int offset, int length,
                            String text, AttributeSet attrs)
                throws BadLocationException {

            fb.replace(offset, length, text.toUpperCase(), attrs);